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Types and Mechanisms of Gear Reducers

April 18, 2023

Gear reducers play a crucial role in the operation of many machines across many industries. These devices are applied to reduce the speed and increase the torque output from a motor to achieve controlled movement. There are different gear reducers for various applications, each with unique mechanisms that allow them to perform their functions effectively. In this blog post, we will explore the four main types of gear reducer mechanisms.

Gear reducer mechanism 101

1. Gear reducers with parallel axes:

Gear reducers with parallel axes are the most common type of gear reducers. They are used in a variety of applications because they are easy to install, cost-effective and efficient. These types of gear reducers have two parallel shafts that rotate at different speeds. One shaft is connected to the input device while the other one is connected to the output device and the gears on these two shafts mesh together to transmit power from one shaft to another.

Spur gears, helical gears, herringbone gears or double helical gears are a few examples of this type. Parallel axis gear reducers provide reliable power transmission solutions for many industries including automotive, construction equipment, mining machinery and more!

2. Gear reducers with skew axes:

Gear reducers with skew axes are designed to transmit power between two non-parallel and non-intersecting shafts. They have a unique design that allows them to change the direction of rotation while reducing or increasing speed. They rely on helical gears to transfer torque efficiently. The teeth in these gears are cut at an angle, which creates a diagonal movement when they mesh together. Their ability to handle high loads without generating excessive heat or noise is impressive.

3. Gear reducers with orthogonal axes:

Gear reducers with orthogonal axes are also known as right-angle gearboxes. They feature gears that have perpendicular axes of rotation, which makes them ideal for transmitting power between shafts that are at 90-degree angles to each other. They offer high torque capacity and can handle heavy loads efficiently. These gear reducers are widely used in a variety of industrial applications, from conveyor systems and packaging machines to cranes and overhead hoists. One common type of orthogonal axis gearbox is the bevel gearbox.

4. Gear reducers with coaxial axes:

Gear reducers with coaxial axes, also known as inline gear reducers, are designed for high-speed and heavy-load applications. These types of gear reducers have the input and output shafts aligned on the same axis or line, making them suitable for transmitting power in a direct manner. One advantage of these types of gearboxes is their compact size, which makes them ideal for use in tight spaces.

A gear reducer is crucial for many industrial applications and it is important to source them from a trusted supplier like Bauer GMC. Speak to us today to know why many rely on us.